Software Testing Advice for Novice Testers

Novice Testers have many questions about Software Testing and the actual work that they are going to perform.

As Novice Testers, you should be aware of certain facts in the Software Testing profession. The tips included here in this tutorial will certainly help you to advance your Software-Testing career.

These ‘testing truths’ are applicable and helpful for experienced testing professionals as well.

Apply each and every testing truth mentioned below in your career and you will never regret what you do.

Software Testing Advice for Novice Testers

Software Testing Advice for Novice Testers

#1) Know Your Application

Don’t start testing without understanding the requirements.

If you test without any knowledge of the requirements, then you will not be able to determine if the program is functioning as designed and you will not be able to tell if the required functionality is missing. Clear knowledge of requirements before starting testing is a must for any tester.

#2) Know Your Domain

You should acquire a thorough knowledge of the domain on which you are working.  Knowing the domain will help you to suggest good bug solutions. Your test manager will appreciate your suggestions if you have valid points to make.

Don’t stop by just logging the bug. Provide solutions as well. Good domain knowledge will also help you to design better test cases with maximum test coverage.  For more guidance on acquiring domain knowledge, read this post.

#3) No Assumptions in Testing

Don’t start testing with the assumption that there will be no errors. As a tester, you should always be looking for errors.

#4) Learn New Technologies

Without a doubt, old testing techniques still play a vital role in day-to-day testing, but try to introduce new testing procedures that work for you. Don’t rely on book knowledge. Be practical. Your new testing ideas may work amazingly for you.

#5) You Can’t Guarantee a Bug-Free Application

No matter how much testing you perform, you can’t guarantee a 100% bug-free application. There are some constraints that may force your team to advance a product to the next level, knowing that there are some common or low priority issues that remain.

Try to explore as many bugs as you can, but prioritize your efforts on basic and crucial functions. Put your best efforts into doing good work.

#6) Think Like an End-User

This is my top piece of advice. Don’t think only from the aspect of a technical guy. Think like customers or end-users. Also, always think beyond your end-users. Test your application as an end-user. Imagine how an end-user will be using your application.

Technical plus end-user thinking will ensure that your application is user-friendly and will pass acceptance tests easily. This was the first advice to me from my test manager when I was a Novice Tester.

#7) 100% Test Coverage is not Possible

Don’t obsess about 100% test coverage.  There are millions of inputs and test combinations that are simply impossible to cover.  Use techniques like boundary value analysis and equivalence partitioning testing to limit your test cases to manageable sizes.

#8) Build Good Relations with Developers

As a tester, you need to communicate with the other team members, especially developers. There are several situations where a tester and developer may not agree on certain points. It will take your skill to handle such situations without harming a good relationship with the developer.

If you are wrong, admit it. If you are right, be diplomatic. Don’t take it personally. After all, it is a profession, and you both want a good product.

#9) Learn From Mistakes

As a novice, you will make mistakes. If you don’t make mistakes, you are not testing hard enough! You will learn things as you get experience. Use these mistakes as your learning experience. Try not to repeat the same mistakes. It hurts when the client files any bug in an application tested by you.

It is definitely an embracing situation for you and cannot be avoided. However, don’t beat yourself up. Find the root cause of the failure. Try to find out why you didn’t notice the bug and avoid the same mistake in the future. If required, change some testing procedures that you were following.

#10) Don’t Underestimate Yourself if Some of Your Bugs are not Fixed

Some testers have assumptions that all bugs logged by them should get fixed. It is a good point to a certain level but you must be flexible according to the situation. All bugs may or may not be fixed.

Management can defer bugs to be fixed later as some bugs have low priority, low severity or no time to fix. Over time you will also learn which bugs can be deferred until the next release. Read the article on “How to get all your Bugs resolved” for extensive knowledge on resolving Bugs.

If you are an Experienced Tester, what advice would you like to give to Novice Testers? Please share them in the comments section below!

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